Zinc is critical to modern life. Its abundance in the earth's crust coupled with its durable, versatile and conductive nature mean that it has it has a myriad of uses across a number industries. These include the motor industry, construction, electronics, the medical sector, agriculture and renewable energy.
Globally zinc ranks as the 4th-most used metal. Over 60% of zinc use worldwide is in the galvanisation process in the steel industry.The metal is also a key component in the alloy brass.
"Zinc is a life-saving commodity."
-UNITED NATIONS COMMISSION REPORT, 2012
Lead is also an integral part of modern life. Its abundance in the earth coupled with its malleability, resistance to corrosion, density and conductivity mean that is has applications across a number of industries. These include the medical sector, construction, nuclear energy, communications and electronics.
Globally lead ranks amongst most-used metals. Approximately 80% of lead use is in the the energy storage industry in lead-batteries. Despite the increasing use of lithium batteries lead batteries still remain in heavy use in the automotive industry.
"Lead is a truly modern metal -supporting the modern world"
-INTERNATIONAL LEAD ASSOCIATION, 2012
Gold is paramount to the world economy. Despite its relative scarcity in the earth's crust, the precious metals malleability, ductility, conductivity and resistance to corrosion mean that it has important applications across a number of industries. These include the medical sector, electronics, technology and investment.
Globally gold is the most valuable recognisable metal. While almost 50% of gold use is accounted for by the jewellery industry, gold is increasingly used in innovative ways. Gold nanoparticles are being used to increase the efficiency of solar cells in the renewables sector and and in the ongoing research into critical ‘Rapid Diagnostic Tests’ (RDT’s). RDT's may prove critical in the early identification and life-threatening illnesses.